University of Maryland, College Park

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University of Maryland, College Park

Seal of the University of Maryland (Trademark of the University of Maryland)

Motto Fatti Maschii, Parole Femine
("Manly deeds, womanly words")
Established 1856
Type Public university
Endowment $334,627,529
President C. Daniel Mote, Jr.
Faculty 3,661
Undergraduates 25,140
Postgraduates 9,793
Location College Park, Maryland, United States ( 38°59′17″N, 76°56′41″W)
Campus Suburban, 1500 acres (6 km²)
Colors Red and White            
Nickname Terrapins
Mascot Testudo

The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince George's County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. Founded in 1856, the University of Maryland is considered to be a "Public Ivy" by authors Howard and Matthew Greene of Greene's Guides (2001) and is the flagship institution of the state of Maryland. The University is most often referred to as the University of Maryland or simply Maryland, even though its formal name remains University of Maryland, College Park.

The University of Maryland's location near Washington, D.C., has created strong research partnerships, especially with government agencies. Many of the faculty members have funding from federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Defense, and the National Security Agency. It is a member of the Association of American Universities.

As of fiscal year 2007, the University of Maryland, College Park's operating budget was projected to be approximately $1.34 billion. [1]


[edit] History

[edit] Early history

Charles Benedict Calvert
Charles Benedict Calvert

On March 6, 1856, was chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College (MAC). Two years later, 420 acres (1.7 km²) of the Riverdale Plantation in College Park were purchased for $21,000 by a descendant of the Barons Baltimore and future U.S. Congressman, Charles Benedict Calvert. Calvert founded the school later that year with money earned by the sale of stock certificates. On October 6, 1859, the first 34 students entered the Maryland Agricultural College, including four of Charles Calvert's sons. The keynote speaker on opening day was Joseph Henry, the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.

In July 1862, the same month that the MAC awarded its first degrees, President Lincoln signed the Morrill Land Grant Act. The legislation provided federal funds to schools that taught agriculture, engineering, or provided military training. Taking advantage of the opportunity, the school became a land grant college in February 1864 after the Maryland legislature voted to approve the Morrill Act.

[edit] Civil War period

A few months after accepting the grant, the Maryland Agricultural College proved to be an important site in the Civil War. In April 1864, General Ambrose E. Burnside and 6,000 soldiers of the Union's Ninth Army Corps camped on the MAC campus. The troops were en route to reinforce General Ulysses S. Grant's forces in Virginia. While encamped the troops tore down several hundred feet of fence for fire wood and attempted to set fire to a stone barn. The University later, unsuccessfully, attempted to sue the federal government for damages.

Later that summer, around 400 Confederate soldiers led by General Bradley T. Johnson stayed on the grounds while preparing to take part in a raid against Washington. Warmly welcomed by university President Henry Onderdonk, a Confederate sympathizer, the cavalrymen were thrown a party on the campus. Nicknamed "The Old South Ball," legend tells of a lavish party that carried on late into the night. The next morning the soldiers rode off to cut the lines of communication between Washington and Baltimore. The stigma of "The Old South Ball" would linger much longer.

Financial problems forced the increasingly desperate administrators to sell off 200 acres of land, but the continuing decline in student enrollment sent the Maryland Agricultural College into bankruptcy. For the next two years the campus was used as a boys preparatory school.

[edit] Postwar era

Following the Civil War, the Maryland legislature pulled the college out of bankruptcy and in February 1866 assumed half ownership of the school. The college then became, in part, a state institution. George Washington Custis Lee, son of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, was appointed president of the college by the Board of Trustees but due to public outcry declined the position. By October 1867, the school reopened with 11 students. In the next six years, enrollment at the college continued to grow, and the school's debt was finally paid off. Twenty years later, the school's reputation as a research institution began as the federally funded Agricultural Experiment Station was established at the college. During the same period, a number of state laws granted the college regulatory powers in a number of areas—including controlling farm disease, inspecting feed, establishing a state weather bureau and geological survey, and housing the board of forestry.

Also in 1888, the college began its first official intercollegiate baseball games against rivals St. John's College and the United States Naval Academy. Baseball, however, had been played at the college for decades before the first "official" games were recorded.

In 1897 the first fraternity, Phi Sigma Kappa, was established on Maryland's campus, and Morrill Hall (the oldest instructional building still in use on campus) was built the following year.

[edit] The Great Fire of 1912

The remains of the administration building after the flames finally died down.
The remains of the administration building after the flames finally died down.

On November 29, 1912, around 10:30 p.m., a fire, probably due to faulty electric wiring, broke out in the attic of the newest administration building where a Thanksgiving dance was being held. The approximately eighty students on the premises evacuated themselves safely, and then formed a makeshift bucket brigade. The fire departments summoned from nearby Hyattsville and Washington, D.C. arrived too late. Fanned by a strong southwest wind, the fire destroyed the barracks where the students were housed, all the school's records, and most of the academic buildings, leaving only Morrill Hall untouched. The loss was estimated at $250,000 (about $5 million in 2005 U.S. dollars) despite no injuries or fatalities. The devastation was so great that many never expected the university to reopen. The university President, Richard Silvester, resigned brokenhearted.

However, the students refused to give up. All but two students returned to the university after the break and insisted on classes continuing as usual. Students were housed by families in neighboring towns who were compensated by the university until housing could be rebuilt, although a new administration building was not built until the 1940s.

A large brick and concrete compass inlaid in the ground designates the former center of campus as it existed in 1912. Lines engraved in the compass point to each building that was destroyed in the Thanksgiving Day fire. The only building not marked on the compass is Morrill Hall, which was eerily spared by the blaze. Prior to the establishment of the medical school at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, the medical school was located in College Park and Morrill Hall is actually where the cadavers were kept. Local campus legend contends that the spirits of the cadavers kept the building from being damaged.

[edit] Recent history

McKeldin Library
McKeldin Library

The state took complete control of the school in 1916, and consequently the institution was renamed Maryland State College. Also that year, the first female students enrolled at the school. On April 9, 1920, the college merged with the preestablished professional schools in Baltimore to form the University of Maryland. The graduate school on the College Park campus awarded its first Ph.D. degrees, and the University's enrollment reached 500 students in the same year. In 1925 the University was granted accreditation by the Association of American Universities.

Memorial Chapel
Memorial Chapel

By the time the first African American students enrolled at the University in 1951, enrollment at the school had grown to nearly 10,000 students—4,000 of whom were women. In 1957 president Wilson H. Elkins made a push to increase academic standards at the University. His efforts resulted in the creation of one of the first Academic Probation Plans. The first year the plan went into effect, 1,550 students (18% of the total student body) faced expulsion. Since then, academic standards at the school have steadily risen. Recognizing the improvement in academics, Phi Beta Kappa established a chapter at the university in 1964. In 1969, the university was elected to the Association of American Universities. The school continued to grow, and by the fall of 1985 reached an enrollment of 38,679.

On September 24, 2001, a tornado struck the College Park campus, killing two female students and causing $15 million in damage to 12 buildings.[2]

[edit] Name and structural changes

In a massive 1988 restructuring of the state higher education system, the school was designated as the flagship campus of the newly formed University System of Maryland and was formally named University of Maryland, College Park. However, in 1997 the Maryland General Assembly passed legislation allowing the University of Maryland, College Park to be known simply as the University of Maryland, recognizing the campus's role as the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.

The other University System of Maryland institutions with the name "University of Maryland" are not satellite campuses of the University of Maryland, College Park, and are not referred to as such. For the above historical reasons, the University of Maryland, Baltimore is also sometimes called "University of Maryland." This is not a significant point of confusion, as UMB is limited to graduate professional education.

[edit] Academics

The University of Maryland offers 127 undergraduate degrees and 112 graduate degrees in 13 different colleges and schools, including the College of Education; the College of Computer, Mathematical, and Physical Sciences; Philip Merrill College of Journalism, which has produced journalists like Connie Chung and Carl Bernstein (who actually dropped out of the school)[3]; the Robert H. Smith School of Business; the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences; the A. James Clark School of Engineering; and the School of Public Policy.

HJ Patterson Hall
HJ Patterson Hall

The University is also praised for its variety of living-learning programs.[citation needed] The Honors Program is similar to most other Honors Programs throughout the country. The College Park Scholars program allows incoming freshman to live and take classes with a group of students who have a similar interest. The Jimenez-Porter Writers' House is a program that focuses on the creative writing skills of students. Civicus focuses on civil service. The Gemstone program is a highly selective program within Honors run by the A. James Clark School of Engineering, in which students from numerous disciplines live and work together on a complex 4-year research project. This project culminates during the senior year when the teams must defend their dissertation in front of a panel of experts, similar to the thesis defense for a Masters degree or Ph.D.

Path on McKeldin Mall in Winter
Path on McKeldin Mall in Winter

The University of Maryland also has a number of stand-alone academic programs in many fields. These undergraduate programs pull faculty from many different colleges and departments and a degree certificate or minor may be granted upon completion. Specialized programs offer students academic, community service, and research opportunities outside of the traditional classroom interaction. Students are often invited into these programs based on academic merit, current community service involvement, and racial/ethnic designation. In some programs, a degree certificate or minor may be awarded upon completion.

The University's academic reputation has increased in recent decades, as evidenced in many surveys. It is ranked 54th in the latest U.S. News and World Report rankings of "national universities" [4], and is 18th among public universities. 31 programs are in the magazine's Top 10 rankings (undergraduate and graduate). 95 programs are ranked in Top 25 nationwide, and 91 programs are in the top 25. [5] It was also considered to have one of the nation's best first-year student experiences.[6] Newsweek ranked the University of Maryland as 45th in their ranking of the world's "global universities".[7]

[edit] Research

Research has played a pivotal role in the university's rise in academic ranking relative to its peer institutions.[citation needed] On October 14, 2004, the university added 150 acres (607,000 m²) in an ambitious attempt to create the largest research park inside the Washington, D.C., Capital Beltway, known as "M Square". The university is currently constructing a new Bioscience Research Building on campus.

The University of Maryland's location near Washington, D.C., has created strong research partnerships, especially with government agencies. Many of the faculty members have funding from federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Defense, and the National Security Agency. These relationships have created numerous research opportunities for the university including:

The University of Maryland Libraries provide access to and assistance in the use of the scholarly information resources required to meet the education, research and service missions of the University.

The Center for American Politics and Citizenship provides citizens and policy-makers with research on critical issues related to the United States' political institutions, processes, and policies. CAPC is a non-partisan, non-profit research institution within the Department of Government and Politics in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences.

[edit] Athletics

Athletics logo containing the Terrapin mascot
Athletics logo containing the Terrapin mascot

The school's sports teams are called the Terrapins, and the mascot of the University (pictured right) is a diamondback terrapin named Testudo, which is Latin for "protective shell." The Terrapins sports teams participate in the NCAA's Division I-A, and the school is a founding member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. For years the school colors were black and gold. After World War One, new coach Clark Shaughnessy came to Maryland from Stanford, and brought a supply of that school's uniforms with him. Combining those colors with the old black and gold, the university's official colors were expanded to match those that appear on the Maryland State Flag: black, gold, red, and white, though red and white are now the main ones and gold is almost strictly used as an accent color. "Fear the Turtle," a slogan born during the basketball team's national championship run in 2002, has since been commonly associated with other school teams.[8]

Comcast Center, constructed in 2002.
Comcast Center, constructed in 2002.

The university's athletics program has enjoyed national prominence. Most recently, the Maryland women's basketball team won the 2006 Women's National Championship on April 4, guided by Coach Brenda Frese, after beating Duke 78-75 in overtime. Previously, the men's football program won the 1953 national championship, and was a bowl game invitee in the late 1970s and early 80s. Ralph Friedgen reversed the fortunes of Terrapin football in his first three seasons, leading the team to 31 wins, an appearance in the BCS Orange Bowl, commanding victories in the Peach Bowl, the Gator Bowl and the Champs Sports Bowl, consecutive top-3 finishes in conference, and one ACC regular season title. These promising seasons were followed up by two subpar 5-6 seasons, where the Terrapins did not reach a bowl. However, in 2006, Mr. Freidgen returned UMD to bowl status, where they defeated the Purdue Boilermakers, 24-7 in the Champs Sports Bowl, in Orlando, FL.

Men's basketball has traditionally been the most popular sport at Maryland and is under the guidance of another Maryland graduate, Gary Williams of the class of 1968. Williams, who returned to his alma mater in 1989 after successful stints at Lafayette College, American University, Boston College, and Ohio State, inherited a once-successful program that was suffering the aftereffects of the death of Len Bias as well as NCAA rules infractions under Williams's predecessor. Williams led Maryland to eleven consecutive NCAA tournament appearances (1993–2004) and eight consecutive seasons with 20 or more wins (1996–2004). In addition, he has taken the Terps to the tournament's Regional Semifinals (Sweet Sixteen) seven times, to the Final Four twice, and led the school to its first NCAA title in men's basketball in 2002. With one of the youngest teams in the nation, Williams led his team to his first ACC Tournament title in 2004. With a win over the Virginia Cavaliers on February 7, 2006, Gary Williams became Maryland's all-time leader in basketball wins with 349, beating the previous record of Lefty Driesell, who attended the record-breaking game.

Terrapins' Chevy Chase Bank Field at Byrd Stadium
Terrapins' Chevy Chase Bank Field at Byrd Stadium

Beyond these primary "revenue sports", Maryland excels in other areas as well. Women's basketball began a resurgence in 2002, and has reached the NCAA Women's Basketball tournament for four consecutive years under Coach Brenda Frese. The Lady Terps beat Duke in 2006 to bring Maryland its first NCAA title in women's basketball. Coach Sasho Cirovski has taken the men's soccer team to four Final Fours since 1998. In 2005, the squad claimed the NCAA College Cup National Championship with a 1-0 win over New Mexico.

The field hockey team has made eleven Final Four appearances (through 2006) and won the 1987, 1993, 1999, 2005, and 2006 national titles. The volleyball team won the ACC tournament in 2003 and qualified for the NCAA tournament.

The women's lacrosse team has won a total of ten national championships since 1981, eight of which came under the direction of Cindy Timchal, including a run of seven straight (1995 through 2001). Additionally, the women's lacrosse team has been an NCAA finalist in eleven of the last fourteen years, and produced more All-Americans in the sport than any other school. The men's lacrosse program is often ranked among the top programs nationally and won the NCAA Championship in 1973 and 1975.

The Mighty Sound of Maryland Marching Band[9] attends all home football games and at least one away game each season. The band provides pre-game performances that have remained largely unchanged for several years. A video of the pre-game show can be viewed at the band's Web site.[10] The band also plays at halftime during home games, with a different show every game. At the end of thier 2006-2007 season, the entire 250-member Mighty Sound of Maryland Marching Band traveled to New Orleans to build new homes with Habitat for Humanity for families displaced by Hurricane Katrina.

During the basketball season, the marching band converts into the University of Maryland Pep Band.[11] The pep band provides energetic music and cheers in the stands at men's and women's home games. The pep band's repertoire (more than 300 songs, as of the 2006-2007 season) is compiled from past marching band shows and some special arrangements. The Pep Band also travels with the basketball teams during tournament play.

[edit] Testudo

In university tradition, an offering (in this case, a candle)  to Testudo in hopes of getting good grades.
In university tradition, an offering (in this case, a candle) to Testudo in hopes of getting good grades.

In 1932, Curley Byrd, who served both as University football coach and President, proposed changing the school mascot to the Maryland diamondback terrapin, the state reptile. The first statue of Testudo cast in bronze was donated by the Class of 1933 and was displayed on U.S. Route 1 (Baltimore Ave.) in front of Ritchie Coliseum. However, the 300 pound mascot was subjected to many indignities by visiting college athletic teams.

One famous incident in 1947 involved students from Johns Hopkins University who stole the bronze statue of the mascot and returned to their campus in Baltimore. Maryland students went up to Baltimore from College Park to retrieve the statue and ended up besieging the residence hall where the Johns Hopkins students had kept Testudo; over 200 riot police had to be called in.

In 1949, then-University President Byrd was awakened by a phone call from a University of Virginia fraternity requesting that Testudo be removed from their lawn. Testudo was later filled with 700 pounds of cement and fastened to his pedestal to ensure that the statue could not be stolen in the future. Students at rival schools continued to vandalize the statue, and in the 1960s Testudo was moved from its location on Baltimore Avenue to a spot in front of McKeldin Library in the center of campus. The statue remains a good luck charm for students who rub his nose and leave him offerings during finals week.

In 1992 a twin statue of Testudo was placed at Byrd Stadium that the football team and marching band touches for good luck as they pass by on their way. There is now also a statue of Testudo outside the Gossett Team House on the outskirts of Byrd Stadium. In 2002, another statue was placed in front of Comcast Center, the school's new basketball arena; and in 2005, a fifth statue (this one hollow) was erected in front of the new Riggs Alumni Center

During the 1994 session of the Maryland General Assembly, legislation was approved that named the Diamondback Terrapin (malaclemys terrapin terrapin) as the official State reptile of Maryland, as well as the legally-codified mascot of the University of Maryland. At the time, the terrapin was only the second university mascot in the nation (after the University of Florida gator) to receive such a designation.

In 2006, fifty Testudo statues decorated by University students were placed throughout the region. Besides the campus and College Park, other areas where statues were placed included Silver Spring, Ocean City, Baltimore, Annapolis, Landover, Washington, D.C., and along the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway at the Maryland House and Chesapeake House service areas of the Maryland Transportation Authority. [12]

The fifty Testudo statues were later auctioned off to independent buyers to raise money for the school. Most are no longer found on campus, but some buyers in turn donated their purchases back to the school.

[edit] The Diamondback

Main article: The Diamondback

The Diamondback is the independent student newspaper of the University of Maryland. It was founded in 1910 as The Triangle and renamed in 1921 in honor of a local reptile, the Diamondback terrapin, which became the official school mascot in 1933. The newspaper is published daily Monday through Friday during the Spring and Fall semesters, with a print circulation of 17,000 and annual advertising revenues of over $1 million. [13]

For the 2005-2006 school year, The Diamondback received a Mark of Excellence award from the Society of Professional Journalists, placing 3rd nationally for Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper and placing first in its region in the same category.[14]

Notable journalists who have been with The Diamondback include Jayson Blair, who was editor-in-chief in 1996 (Blair did not graduate, instead taking a job with The New York Times); Norman Chad, who was editor-in-chief in 1978; cartoonists Aaron McGruder, who first published the cartoon The Boondocks in The Diamondback; and Frank Cho, who began his career with the popular "University Squared" for The Diamondback.

Many other "Diamondbackers" have gone onto successful careers as editors and reporters for dozens of major metropolitan newspapers in the U.S. and abroad.

[edit] Notable people

University attendees have achieved fame or notability across a variety of disciplines. Within the field of business, alumni of the University include Carly Fiorina, former CEO of Hewlett-Packard; Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google; and Kevin Plank, founder of Under Armour, and Jim Henson, creator of the Muppets. Notable journalists that have attended the University include Connie Chung, a television news personality; Carl Bernstein, Washington Post writer who was a leading figure in exposing the Watergate Scandal; and Robert M. Parker, Jr., a wine critic. Politicians that have attended the University include Steny Hoyer, who is serving as House Majority Leader in the 110th United States Congress; Gordon R. England, Deputy Secretary of Defense and former Secretary of the Navy in the George W. Bush administration; and Harry R. Hughes, former Governor of Maryland. Within the field of science, notable University alumni include Raymond Davis Jr., winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics; Herbert Hauptman, winner of the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry; and Michael D. Griffin, Administrator of NASA.

In athletics, numerous professional athletes and coaches have either graduated or attended the University. Both of the coaches of the University's men's football and basketball teams, Ralph Friedgen and Gary Williams respectively, graduated from the University. Professional athletes who have attended include NFL Hall of Famers Randy White and Stan Jones; NFL players Steve Atkins, Jess Atkinson, Bob Avellini, Rick Badanjek, Eric Barton, Alvin Blount, J.B. Brown, Lloyd Burruss, Louis Carter, Gary Collins, Jon Condo, Curome Cox, Mark Duda, Ferrell Edmunds, Boomer Esiason, Chuck Faucette, Ralph Felton, Melvin Fowler, Domonique Foxworth, Stan Gelbaugh, Kevin Glover, E.J. Henderson, Eric Hicks, Shaun Hill, Steve Ingram, Kris Jenkins, Lamont Jordan, Pete Koch, Ray Krouse, Jermaine Lewis, J.D. Maarleveld, Larry Marshall, Shawne Merriman, Steve Mike-Mayer, Scott Milanovich, Dick Modzelewski, Ed Modzelewski, Dick Nolan, Nick Novak, Neil O'Donnell, Eric Ogbogu, Neal Olkewicz, Rich Parson, Al Pastrana, Bob Pellegrini, Bruce Perry, Frank Reich, Lewis Sanders, Mike Sandusky, Jack Scarbath, Chad Scott, Dick Shiner, Eric Sievers, Ron Solt, Randy Starks, Ratcliff Thomas, John Tice, Mike Tice, Steve Trimble, Kevin Walker, Al Wallace, Larry Webster, Madieu Williams, Eric Wilson, Tim Wilson, Frank Wycheck, Scott Zolak; and NBA players Lonny Baxter, Steve Blake, Keith Booth (current Maryland assistant coach), Adrian Branch, Ben Coleman, Brad Davis, Bison Dele (formerly known as Brian Williams), Juan Dixon, Obinna Ekezie, Len Elmore, Steve Francis, Sarunas Jasikevicius, Albert King, John Lucas (#1 overall draft pick overall in 1976), Tony Massenburg, Tom McMillan, Terence Morris, Jerrod Mustaf, Charles Pittman, Laron Profit, Steve Sheppard, Gene Shue, Joe Smith (#1 overall draft pick in 1995), Chris Wilcox, Buck Williams (Charles), Walt Williams. Women's Lacrosse legend Jen Adams also attended Maryland.

Over the years, the University's faculty has included several Nobel Prize laureates.[15] The earliest recipient, Juan Ramón Jiménez, was a professor of Spanish language and literature and won the prize for literature in 1957. After a four-decade lapse, physics professor William Phillips won the prize in physics in 1997. In 2005, emeritus professor of economics and public policy Thomas Schelling was awarded the prize in economics for his contributions to game theory. In 2006, adjunct professor of physics and senior astrophysicist at NASA John Mather was awarded (alongside George Smoot) the prize in physics for "their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation". The University also has two Fields medal winners associated with it, Sergei Petrovich Novikov, professor of mathematics, won the prestigious medal in 1970 and an alumnus, Charles Fefferman who received his degree in physics and mathematics, won the medal in 1978.

Since the 1990s, several donors have distinguished themselves for their sizable gifts to the university. Businessman Robert H. Smith, who graduated from the university in 1950 with a degree in accounting, has given over $45 million to the business school that now bears his name, and to the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, which bears his wife's name.[16] Construction entrepreneur A. James Clark, who graduated with an engineering degree in 1950, has also donated over $45 million to the college of engineering, which also bears his name.[17] Another engineering donor, Jeong H. Kim, earned his Ph.D. from the university in 1991 and gave $5 million for the construction of a state-of-the-art engineering building.[18] Philip Merrill, a media figure, donated $10 million to the College of Journalism.[19]

[edit] Campus legends

The Point of Failure is the intersection of lines marked in concrete leading to the center of all the buildings that burned during the Great Fire of 1912. Tradition holds that a student who steps on this point will never graduate. The point is marked in concrete with a plaque nearby explaining what the point means and some of the history regarding the Great Fire and the buildings it destroyed.[20]

The only building spared by the Great Fire of 1912, Morrill Hall, has numerous ghost stories associated with it. Some mention the fact its basement was used to store cadavers for the medical students. Other stories might be attributed to ash that was accidentally released from the walls into the building several years ago when it was modernized to have central air conditioning. [21]

Included in unofficial campus tours as one of the stranger buildings on the College Park campus, Marie Mount Hall is supposedly haunted by the former Dean of Home Economics for whom the building was named. Employees working late during dark, stormy nights claim they heard piano playing, a skill Marie Mount was known for. [22]

[edit] Fraternity and sorority life

Currently, about 12 to 15% of Maryland's student body are involved in Greek Life. Many of the fraternities and sororities at the school are located on Frat Row, which is partially controlled by the University. Greek Life plays a significant role in the University's social scene, but not a dominant one.

Greek recruitment rates fell sharply after the death of a pledge in 2002, but have picked back up to earlier levels in 2006. [23]

Sororities Fraternities

[edit] References

[edit] External links

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