The Dalles, Oregon

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The Dalles, Oregon
The Dalles and the Columbia River as seen from Kelly Viewpoint.
The Dalles and the Columbia River as seen from Kelly Viewpoint.
Official seal of The Dalles, Oregon
Seal
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°36′4″N, 121°10′58″W
County Wasco County
Incorporated 1857
Government
 - Mayor Robb Van Cleave
Area
 - City 14.4 km²  (8.95 sq mi)
 - Land 13.6 km² (8.45 sq mi)
 - Water 0.8 km² (0.5 sq mi)
Elevation 33.2 m (109 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 12,520
 - Density 892.3/km² (1,438.6/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
Website: http://www.ci.the-dalles.or.us
For the German rock group The Dalles, see The Dalles (band).
See also: Dalles of the St. Croix River.

The Dalles is a city in Wasco County, Oregon, United States, and the county seat of Wasco County. The name of the city comes from the French word dalle ("flag stone"), what the French-Canadian employees of the Hudson's Bay Company called the now-inundated Long Narrows of the Columbia River above the present-day city. The population was 12,156 at the 2000 census. The 2006 estimate is 12,520 residents.[1]

Contents

[edit] History

Lewis and Clark camped near Mill Creek on October 25-27, 1805, and recorded the Native American name for this creek as Quenett. The first use of the name Dalles, according to Oregon Geographic Names, appears in fur trader Gabriel Franchère's Narrative, on April 12, 1814.

The Dalles was the end of the land route of the Oregon Trail. In the fall of 1849 United States Army troops arrived in the new Oregon Territory and established a military outpost at The Dalles, with a log fort finished in 1850 and named Fort Dalles.[2]

A post office was established within the boundaries of the current city in 1851, and The Dalles was incorporated as a city in 1857. It has been the major commercial center between Portland and Pendleton since.

Construction of The Dalles Dam in 1957 submerged the Long Narrows and Celilo Falls.

In 1970, the Bonneville Power Administration opened the Celilo Converter Station nearby, the northern terminus of the Pacific DC Intertie which sends 3,100 megawatts of electricity to Los Angeles.

In 2006, the Internet company Google began building a major data center, known locally as Project 02, along the Columbia River in The Dalles, using the area's reliable hydroelectric power and the underutilized fiber optic capacity of the area. The new complex includes two buildings, each approximately the size of a football field, and two cooling plants four stories high. The project has created hundreds of jobs in the area, mainly in construction, with an additional 60-200 permanent positions expected later in 2006. [3]

[edit] Terrorism

In 1984, The Dalles was the scene of a bioterrorist incident launched by the Rajneeshee Cult in an attempt to gain control of the local government of Wasco County.[4] It was the first known bioterrorism attack of the 20th century in the United States. (See Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh.)

[edit] Geography

City of The Dalles is located at 45°36′4″N, 121°10′58″W (45.601218, -121.182774).GR1 Highways I-84, US 30, and US 197 meet at this city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.4 km². 13.6 km² of it is land and 0.8 km² of it (5.23%) is water.

[edit] Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 12,156 people, 4,896 households, and 3,226 families residing in the city. The population density was 892.3/km². There were 5,227 housing units at an average density of 383.7/km². The racial makeup of the city was 87.83% White, 0.39% African American, 1.20% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.77% Pacific Islander, 6.23% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.50% of the population.

There were 4,896 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40, and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,430, and the median income for a family was $43,041. Males had a median income of $36,387 versus $22,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,511. About 9.0% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Sister City

The Dalles has one sister city:

Source: [1]

[edit] Trivia

The Dalles is the place of origin of a pedigreed breed of cat called the LaPerm. The breed was developed in the 1980s from a unique colony of curly-coated farm cats, which arose from a natural, spontaneous mutation and were owned by Linda and Richard Koehl on their farm in The Dalles. The breed is now owned and bred in many countries around the world.

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ PSU:Population Research Center
  2. ^ Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 122-123
  3. ^ Markoff, John and Saul Hansell (June 14, 2006). "Hiding in Plain Sight, Google Seeks More Power". The New York Times.
  4. ^ wbur.org

[edit] External links



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