South West Pacific theatre of World War II

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General Douglas MacArthur and staff land at Palo Beach, Leyte, 20 October 1944.
General Douglas MacArthur and staff land at Palo Beach, Leyte, 20 October 1944.
South West Pacific theatre
Philippines 1941–42Dutch East Indies 1941–42Portuguese TimorAustraliaNew GuineaPhilippines 1944–45Borneo 1945
Pacific War
ChinaPacific OceanSouth-East AsiaSouth West PacificJapanManchuria (1945)

The South West Pacific was one of two theatres of World War II in the Pacific region, between 1942 and 1945. The South West Pacific theatre included the Philippines, the Netherlands East Indies (excluding Sumatra), Borneo, Australia, the Australian Territory of New Guinea (including the Bismarck Archipelago), the western part of the Solomon Islands and some neighbouring territories. The theatre takes its name from the major Allied command, which was known simply as the "South West Pacific Area".

In the theatre, Empire of Japan forces fought primarily United States and Australian forces. Dutch, Filipino, British and other Allied forces also served in the theatre.

Most Japanese forces in the theatre were part of the Southern Expeditionary Army Group, which was formed on November 6, 1941, under General Hisaichi Terauchi (also known as Count Terauchi), who was ordered to attack and occupy Allied territories in South East Asia and the South Pacific.

On March 30, 1942, the Allied South West Pacific Area command (SWPA) was formed and U.S. General Douglas MacArthur was appointed Supreme Allied Commander South West Pacific Area.

[edit] Major campaigns in the theatre

[edit] References

  • Eichelberger, Robert (1989 (reissue)). Our Jungle Road to Tokyo. New York: Battery Press. ISBN 0-89839-132-6. 
  • Griffith, Thomas E., Jr. (1998). MacArthur's Airman : General George C. Kenney and the War in the Southwest Pacific. Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A.: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-0909-1. 
  • Krueger, Walter (1979). From Down Under to Nippon: Story of the 6th Army in World War II. Zenger. ISBN 0-89201-046-0. 
  • U.S. Army Center of Military History. Japanese Operations in the Southwest Pacific Area, Volume II - Part I. Reports of General MacArthur. Retrieved on 2006-12-08.- Translation of the official record by the Japanese Demobilization Bureaux detailing the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy's participation in the Southwest Pacific area of the Pacific War.