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|Santiago Calatrava Valls|
|Name||Santiago Calatrava Valls|
|Birth date||July 28, 1951|
|Practice Name||Santiago Calatrava|
|Significant Buildings||Ciutat de Les Arts i Les Ciències|
|Significant Projects||Athens Olympic Sports Complex|
|Awards and Prizes||See below|
Calatrava was born in Valencia, Spain, where he pursued undergraduate studies at the Architecture School and Arts and Crafts School. Following graduation in 1975, he enrolled in the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zürich, Switzerland for graduate work in civil engineering. In 1981, after completing his doctoral thesis, "On the Foldability of Space Frames", he started his architecture and engineering practice. Classed now among the elite designers of the world, he has offices in Zurich, Paris, New York and elsewhere.
Calatrava's early career was dedicated largely to bridges and train stations, the designs for which elevated the status of civil engineering projects to new heights. His elegant and daring Montjuic Communications Tower in Barcelona, Spain (1991) in the heart of the 1992 Olympic site was a turning point in his career, leading to a wide range of commissions. The Quadracci Pavilion (2001) of the Milwaukee Art Museum was his first major US building. Calatrava’s entry into high-rise design began with an innovative 54 storey high twisting tower, called Turning Torso (2005), located in Malmö, Sweden. Calatrava is currently designing the future train station - World Trade Center Transportation Hub - at Ground Zero in New York City.
Calatrava’s style has been heralded as bridging the division between structural engineering and architecture. In this, he continues a tradition of Spanish modernist engineering that includes Félix Candela and Antonio Gaudí. Nonetheless, his style is very personal and derives from numerous studies he makes of the human body and the natural world.
 Calatrava as sculptor
Calatrava is also a prolific sculptor and painter, claiming that the practice of architecture combines all the arts into one. In 2005, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, held an exhibition of his artistic work, entitled "Santiago Calatrava: Sculpture Into Architecture." Exhibitions of his work have also taken place in Germany, England, Spain, Italy and elsewhere.
Calatrava has received numerous recognitions. In 1990 he received the "Médaille d´Argent de la Recherche et de la Technique", Paris. In 1993, the Museum of Modern Art in New York held a major exhibition of his work called “Structure and Expression." In 1998 he was elected to become a member of "Les Arts et Lettres," in Paris. In 2004, he received the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Architects (AIA).
Turning Torso in Malmö, Sweden
 Recent Projects
One of his newest projects is a residential skyscraper named "80 South Street" after its own address, composed of 10 townhouses in the shape of cubes stacked on top of one another. The townhouses move up a main beam and follow a ladder-like pattern, providing each townhouse with its own roof. The "townhouse in the sky" design has attracted a high profile clientele, willing to pay the hefty US$30 million for each cube. It will be built in New York City's financial district facing the East River.
He has also designed the proposed skyscraper, the Chicago Spire, in Chicago. Originally commissioned by Chicagoan Christopher Carley, Irish developer Garrett Kelleher purchased the building site for the project in July of 2006 when Carley's financing plans fell through. Kelleher is currently in negotiations with Carley and Calatrava to purchase Calatrava's design for the building. Kelleher's close working relationship with the Anglo Irish Bank, and his own wealth which will allow him to personally finance 100 percent of the equity in the project, will make it easier for Kelleher to build this project than it was for Carley. Kelleher plans to begin construction of the building in spring of 2007 for completion in 2010. When completed, the Chicago Spire, at 2,000 feet tall, be the tallest building in North America.
Calatrava has also designed three bridges that will eventually span the Trinity River in Dallas. Construction of the first bridge, named after donor Margaret Hunt Hill, has been repeatedly delayed due to high costs, a fact that has sparked much controversy and criticism. If and when completed, Dallas will join the Dutch county of Haarlemmermeer in having three Calatrava bridges.
His nephew Alex Calatrava is a professional tennis player.
Calatrava's work in Bilbao has been criticized for impracticiality. The airport lacks facilities and the bridge's glass tiles are prone to break and getting slippery under the local weather. In 2007, Calatrava sued Bilbao for allowing Arata Isozaki to remove a bar from the bridge to connect it to the Isozaki Towers,
 Notable works
- Trinity Bridge, footbridge over River Irwell, Salford, England
- Oberbaumbrücke, Berlin, Germany
- Alameda Bridge and metro station, Valencia, Spain
- 1983-1984, Jakem Steel Warehouse, Munchwilen, Switzerland
- 1983-1985, Ernsting Warehouse, Coesfeld, Germany
- 1983-1988, Wohlen High School, Wohlen, Switzerland
- 1983-1990, Stadelhofen Railway Station, Zürich, Switzerland
- 1983-1989, Lucerne Station Hall, Lucerne, Switzerland
- 1984-1987, Bac de Roda Bridge, Barcelona, Spain
- 1984-1988, Barenmatte Community Center, Suhr, Switzerland,
- 1986-1987, Tabourettli Theater, Basel, Switzerland,
- 1987-1992, BCE Place (atrium), Toronto, Canada,
- 1989-1994, Aéroport Lyon Saint-Exupéry "Satolas" TGV Station, Lyon, France
- 1992, Puente del Alamillo, Seville, Spain
- 1992, Puente de Lusitania, Mérida, Spain
- 1992, Montjuic Communications Tower at the Olympic Ring, Barcelona, Spain
- 1992, World's Fair, Kuwaiti Pavilion, Seville, Spain
- 1994-1997, Campo Volantin Footbridge, Bilbao, Spain
- 1996, Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències, Valencia, Spain
- 1998, Estação do Oriente or (Gare do Oriente), Lisbon, Portugal
- 1998, Puente de la Mujer, in the Puerto Madero barrio of Buenos Aires, Argentina
- 2000, New terminal at Bilbao Airport, Bilbao, Spain
- 2001, Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
- 2003, James Joyce Bridge, bridge over River Liffey, Dublin, Ireland
- 2004, redesign of Athens Olympic Sports Complex, Athens, Greece
- 2004, Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay, Redding, California, USA
- 2004, Three bridges (called Harp, Cittern and Lute) spanning the main canal of the Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands
- 2004, University of Zurich, "Bibliothekseinbau" library remodelling, Zürich, Switzerland
- 2005, Turning Torso, Malmö, Sweden
 Under construction/Proposed
- World Trade Center Transportation Hub, New York City, USA
- Atlanta Symphony Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
- TGV Railway Station, Liège, Belgium
- Palacio de Congresos, Oviedo, Spain
- Chicago Spire, Chicago, USA
- Margaret Hunt Hill bridge, Dallas, Texas, USA
- City Entrance Bridge, also known as 'Strings Bridge' Jerusalem, Israel
- 80 South Street, 835 foot tall stack of 10 condominum units on New York City's East River, starting at $27 Million each. 
- Medio Padana TAV Station, Reggio Emilia, Italy
- 3 Bridges on the A1 Motorway and TAV Railway, Reggio Emilia, Italy
- Piazzale Roma Footbridge over the Grand Canal, Venice, Italy
- Campus, Maastricht, Holland
 Never Built
- A campus building for Ryerson University in Toronto Canada. His design was dropped for a less expensive design.
- 1992 London Institution of Structural Engineers Gold Medal
- 1993 Toronto Municipality Urban Design Award
- 1996 Gold Medal for Excellence in the Fine Arts from the Granada Ministry of Culture
- 1999 Prince of Asturias Award in Arts
- 2000 Algur H. Meadows Award for Excellence in the Arts from the Meadows School of the Arts, Southern Methodist University
- 2006 Eugene McDermott Award in the Arts from the Council for the Arts at MIT,(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
- 2005 AIA Gold Medal
- Designation as a Global Leader for Tomorrow by the World Economic Forum in Davos
- 2007 Awarded with the Spanish National Architecture Award
 See also
 References and notes
- Tzonis, Alexander (1999). Santiago Calatrava: The Poetics Of Movement. Universe. ISBN 0-7893-0360-4.
- Tzonis, Alexander (2004). Santiago Calatrava: The Complete Works. Rizzoli. ISBN 0-8478-2641-4.
- ^ Established to honor Eugene McDermott, founder of Texas Instruments and long-time friend and benefactor to MIT, the award was created by the Council for the Arts at MIT in 1974, and further endowed by Eugene's wife, Margaret. Since its inception, the Council has bestowed the award upon 31 individuals producing creative work in the performing, visual and media arts, as well as authors, art historians and patrons of the arts.
- ^ Entre losetas y y arquitectos 'estrellas', El Correo, 24 February 2007.
- ^ Calatrava lleva a los tribunales su guerra con Isozaki por los puentes de Uribitarte, El Correo, 22 February 2007.
 External links
- Official Website
- Santiago Calatrava News Aggregator
- Structurae: Santiago Calatrava Valls
- Great Buildings On-Line: Santiago Calatrava
- Unofficial website
- Extended profile of the architect in the NYRB, December 2005
- The New Yorker, October 31 2005, "The Sculptor"
- The Guardian, January 17th 2006, "The Gaudí Effect"
- Many pictures of Calatrava's Art on Trekearth
- Calatrava's 80 South Street condo design for New York
- 120 meters Obelisk project in Madrid
- The CAC and other Urban Projects in Valencia, Spain article at ErasmusPC
- CNN interview with Santiago Calatrava
- Oviedo (Spain) congress center
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||engineer, architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 28, 1951|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Valencia, Spain|
|DATE OF DEATH|
|PLACE OF DEATH|