Patio

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A patio of the Livadia Palace in Crimea.
A patio of the Livadia Palace in Crimea.
A paved patio with brick-built barbecue
A paved patio with brick-built barbecue

A patio garden (From the Spanish: patio meaning "back garden" or "backyard") is an outdoor garden space generally used for dining or recreation that often adjoins a residence and is typically paved. Specifically, it may refer to a roofless inner courtyard of the sort found in Spanish-style dwellings.

Patios are typically made of concrete or stone slabs laid over a firm base. This base is often formed of a layer of compacted hardcore (stone chips), a layer of sharp sand, and a layer of cement mortar. The firmness and stability of the base is essential to the robustness of the top layer of slabs - an infirm base will typically result in cracked slabs. Patios that hold a lot of weight, such as driveways, require stronger foundations than those that are designed for light use.

Patio gardening is often based around the use of large clay pots.