Miami University

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Miami University

Seal of Miami University

Motto Prodese Quam Conspici (Latin: To Accomplish Rather Than To Be Conspicuous)
Established 1809
Type Public University
Endowment $281 million (2006)
President David C. Hodge
Staff 1,400 system-wide
Students 20,126
Undergraduates 18,863 system-wide
Postgraduates 1,642 system-wide
Location Oxford, Ohio,
Hamilton, Ohio,
Middletown, Ohio,
Differdange, Luxembourg
Campus 2,000 acres (8 km²)
Athletics 15 NCAA Division 1 / 1A teams in the Mid-American Conference
Colors Red and White            
Nickname RedHawks
Mascot Swoop the RedHawk
Affiliations Miami University System, State of Ohio
Website www.muohio.edu

Miami University (colloquially and incorrectly referred to as Miami of Ohio) is a selective American public university founded in 1809 in the university town of Oxford, Ohio.

Contents

[edit] Overview

The 7th oldest public university in the nation, Miami University dates back to a grant of land made for its support by Congress by George Washington on May 5, 1792. The university's first president, Robert Hamilton Bishop, envisioned Miami as the "Yale of the West" and planned the first several buildings accordingly.[1].

Miami is located in southwestern Ohio approximately thirty miles northwest of Cincinnati. The Miami in this school's name refers to the Miami River valley, cut by two medium-sized rivers, the Little Miami River and the Great Miami River, that flow through southwestern Ohio; the rivers were in turn named after the Miami Indians who lived in the area before European settlement.

Miami is currently ranked 60th",[2] among 252 "National Universities" according to U.S. News & World Report. In this same report the university ranks 21st"[3] among public National Universities. BusinessWeek ranks the undergraduate business program for the Farmer School of Business at 35th[4] among U.S. business schools, 12th among public business schools, and first among Ohio business schools.

The Miami campus is cited as one of the most beautiful in America[citation needed], featuring modified neo-Georgian red brick buildings on an open, tree-shaded campus void of high rise skyscraper dormitories. Robert Frost once declared Miami the "prettiest campus that ever there was."[5] Miami is also striking in that the entire campus is consistent in design and appearance except for the Miami University Art Museum.

Miami was named one of eight original "Public Ivys" in Richard Moll's 1985 book, The Public Ivys: America's Flagship Undergraduate Colleges. Miami is known as the "Cradle of Coaches" because several prominent football coaches were student/athletes and/or coaches at Miami before achieving greater fame at more prominent college programs or the NFL. Among these coaches were Earl Blaik, Paul Brown, Sid Gillman, Woody Hayes, Ara Parseghian, Weeb Ewbank, Bo Schembechler, Randy Walker, Ron Zook, and Joe Novak.

Miami graduated an American President, Benjamin Harrison, putting it in a prestigious category of a league of Presidential alma maters. Miami is only one of four colleges (Stanford, Michigan, and the U.S. Naval Academy) to produce both a U.S. President and a Super Bowl winning quarterback (Ben Roethlisberger). It is also the alma mater of many U.S. Senators, U.S. Representatives, U.S. military leaders, Ohio Governors and Fortune 500 business executives.

For many years, the athletic teams at Miami were nicknamed Redskins, but in 1997, the nickname was changed to RedHawks. Some controversy surrounded this change and some aspects of the old identity persist. The RedHawks participate in NCAA Division I in all sports (I-A in football). Its primary conference is the Mid-American Conference; its hockey program competes in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association.

Miami is also famous for its School of Education, the McGuffey School, named for Professor William Holmes McGuffey, who taught there and wrote America's most widely used pioneer text books - the McGuffey Readers - while at the school.

[edit] History

Miami University was first provided for under the Northwest Ordinance, which would regulate the free states of the Midwest. On May 5, 1792, "the President of the United States was authorized to grant letters patent to John Cleves Symmes and his associates . . . provided that the land grant should include one complete township . . . for the purpose of establishing an academy and other public schools and seminaries of learning. After Ohio became a state in 1803, the State legislature assumed responsibility for making sure that John Cleves Symmes would set aside a township of land for the support of an academy. Such a law was passed by the State legislature April 15, 1803. . . . Finally, on February 17, 1809, the State legislature created Miami University and provided that one complete township in the State of Ohio in the district of Cincinnati was to be vested in Miami University for its use, benefit, and support."[3] This was known as the "College Township".

Miami was chartered by the government, but was considered a private college engaged in classical training. Antebellum Miami University took students from all over the West, and was known as the "Yale of the Early West". It was at one point the 4th largest university in the United States after Harvard, Yale, and Dartmouth. As the East-West rivalries subsided, but the North-South rivalries surged, Miami University split apart at the time of the Civil War. Most graduates volunteered for the Union, more than any other school except the military academies. The majority of those that didn't, primarily from Southern states (such as Jefferson Davis' nephew) volunteered in the Confederate armies. Because its students had left for war, because many alumni and professors died in the War, because the West opened up to other universities, and because Southern families no longer sent their sons to the North for an education, "Old Miami" passed on and Miami University nearly died. The university, unable to pay its huge debts, closed in 1873 and did not reopen until 1885.

Alumni Hall
Alumni Hall

With the help of alumni and Ohio legislators, "New Miami" was restarted as a coeducational school of education and liberal arts. Although the Ohio State University, then the Ohio Agriculture and Mechanical College (Ohio A&M), had been launched in the interim, Miami University gained a fair share of Ohio students by the 1890s, and by the 1950s had massively grown. The rural Oxford campus with Georgian architecture is considered to be similar to Thomas Jefferson's University of Virginia campus and one of the most beautiful in the U.S; Robert Frost once called it "the prettiest campus there ever was." [4]

The Belltower of Miami University was built with funds donated by the Beta Theta Pi fraternity on its Centennial in 1939
The Belltower of Miami University was built with funds donated by the Beta Theta Pi fraternity on its Centennial in 1939

Several women's colleges in Oxford were associated with or effectively merged with Miami University including Oxford College and the Western College for Women (now the Western College Program), a daughter school of Mount Holyoke. Miami University was coeducational long before most schools in the Ivy League. Miami has been a non-sectarian school as were other pioneer universities in the Midwest, though its early leaders were often Presbyterians. Miami University's current enrollment is approximately 15,000 undergraduates and 1,400 graduate students. In addition to its Oxford campus, Miami has additional campuses in Hamilton and Middletown, Ohio, and a European Center in Differdange, Luxembourg.

Miami University is known around the Greek World for the Miami Triad, three fraternities founded in the 19th century that spread throughout the United States, and is called "Mother of Fraternities." These were Beta Theta Pi (1839), Sigma Chi (1855), and Phi Delta Theta (1848). The Delta Zeta sorority was also founded at Miami University in 1902 as was the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity in 1906. Alpha Delta Phi was the first fraternity to arrive on campus in 1833.

In 2004, the Oxford campus theoretically abolished tuition differentials between state residents and nonresidents (all Ohio residents receive an automatic scholarship). This effort was undertaken to make Miami more affordable to moderate-income families in Ohio by giving the university more flexibility in the disbursement of state funds. As of the 2004–05 academic year, all students pay tuition of over $19,000 per year; Ohio resident scholarships are $10,000 or more depending upon financial need, extraordinary ability, talent in mathematics or science, or declared interest in teaching. [5]

[edit] Miami University System

[edit] Divisions

[edit] Mission statement

The mission of Miami University is to preserve, add to, evaluate, and transmit the accumulated knowledge of the centuries; to develop critical thinking, extend the frontiers of knowledge, and serve society; and to provide an environment conducive to effective and inspired teaching and learning, promote professional development of faculty, and encourage scholarly research and creativity of faculty and students.

Miami University logo
Miami University logo

Miami's primary concern is its students. This concern is reflected in a broad array of efforts to develop the potential of each student. The University endeavors to individualize the educational experience. It provides personal and professional guidance; and, it offers opportunities for its students to achieve understanding and appreciation not only of their own culture but of the cultures of others as well. Selected undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs of quality should be offered with the expectation of students achieving a high level of competence and understanding and developing a personal value system. Since the legislation creating Miami University stated that a leading mission of the University was to promote "good education, virtue, religion, and morality", the University has been striving to emphasize the supreme importance of dealing with problems related to values.

Miami is committed to serve the community, state, and nation. It offers access to higher education, including continuing education, for those who can benefit from it, at a reasonable cost, without regard for race, creed, sex, or age. It educates men and women for responsible, informed citizenship, as well as for meaningful employment. It provides both disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches to the pursuit of knowledge and to the solving of problems. It sponsors a wide range of cultural and educational activities which have significance beyond the campus and the local community.[6]

[edit] Alma Mater

Miami Glee Club singing the Miami Alma Mater

Old Miami from thy hillcrest,
Thou hast watched the decades roll,
While thy sons have quested from thee,
Sturdy hearted, pure of soul.
Old Miami! New Miami!
Days of old and days to be;
Weave the story of thy glory,
Our Miami, here's to thee!

[edit] Fight Song

Miami March Song
(taken from the University of Chicago's Wave the Flag)

Love and honor to Miami,
Our college old and grand,
Proudly we shall ever hail thee,
Over all the land.

Alma mater now we praise thee,
Sing joyfully this lay,
Love and honor to Miami,
Forever and a day.

[edit] Presidents of Miami

  1. Robert Hamilton Bishop, 1824-1841
  2. George Junkin, 1841-1844
  3. Erasmus D. MacMaster, 1845-1849
  4. William C. Anderson, 1849-1854
  5. Orange Nash Stoddard, 1854 (pro tempore)
  6. John W. Hall, 1854-1866
  7. Robert B. Stanton, 1866-1871
  8. Andrew Dousa Hepburn, 1871-1873 (pro tempore; later considered to be regular)
  9. Robert W. McFarland, 1885-1888 (pro tempore; later considered to be regular)
  10. Ethelbert D. Warfield, 1888-1891
  11. William Oxley Thompson, 1891-1899
  12. David Stanton Tappan, 1899-1902
  13. Guy Potter Benton, 1902-1911
  14. Edgar Ewing Brandon, 1909-1910 (acting), 1927-1928 (acting)
  15. Raymond M. Hughes, 1911-1913 (acting), 1913-1927
  16. Alfred H. Upham, 1928-1945
  17. Aldelphus K. Morris, 1945-1946 (acting)
  18. Ernest H. Hahne, 1946-1952
  19. John D. Millett, 1953-1964
  20. Charles Ray Wilson, 1964-1965 (acting)
  21. Phillip R. Shriver, 1965-1981
  22. Paul G. Pearson, 1981-1992
  23. Paul G. Risser, 1993-1995
  24. Anne Hopkins, December 1995-July 1996 (acting)
  25. James C. Garland, 1996-June 2006
  26. David C. Hodge, July 2006 - present

[edit] Commencement speakers

[edit] Athletics

A football game at Yager Stadium
A football game at Yager Stadium

Miami University has a rich history of intercollegiate athletics and today fields a Division I (I-A for football) athletic program in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) East Division. There are men's sports teams for baseball, basketball, cross country, football, ice hockey, swimming and diving, and track and field. For women, Miami offers basketball, cross country, field hockey, soccer, softball, swimming and diving, volleyball, synchronized skating, track and field, and tennis. Though not the proper way to refer to the school, Miami is sometimes referred to as Miami of Ohio or Miami (OH) to distinguish it from the University of Miami in Florida[7]. Miami is well known among the sports world for its reputation as the Cradle of Coaches and is one of only 13 schools in the nation to have a Division 1-A football team as well as Division 1 basketball and hockey team.

Miami historically has had some of the highest graduation rates of student-athletes in the NCAA, second only to Navy. Football and Ice Hockey are the most popular according to the student body. Miami is a member of the Central Collegiate Hockey Association (CCHA). Fred C. Yager Stadium is the main football facility on the Oxford campus.

Miami has two college sports rivalries; one with the University of Cincinnati called the 'Battle for the Victory Bell' and another with Ohio Bobcats called the 'Battle of the Bricks'.

Miami and the University of Cincinnati square off each fall for the famed Victory Bell. The original bell hung in Miami's Harrison Hall (Old Main) near the site of the first football game in 1888 and was used to ring in Miami victories. The traveling trophy tradition began in the 1890s when some Cincinnati fans "borrowed" the bell. The bell went to the winner of the annual game for the next 40 years until it mysteriously disappeared in the 1930s. The original bell reappeared in 1946 and is on display in the lobby of the Murstein Alumni Center in Oxford. The current trophy is a replica of the original bell and is kept in the possession of the winning team each year. One side of the bell is painted red and black and shows Cincinnati's victories while the other side is red and white and shows Miami's victories. Miami leads the series 59-44-7 and has won three of the last four games.

Miami University RedHawks logo
Miami University RedHawks logo

The Miami-Cincinnati series ranks fifth on the list of the most played rivalries in college football and the oldest rivalry west of the Allegheny Mountains. Of the more than 30 rivalries that include at least 89 games, none are older than Miami vs. Cincinnati.

The Battle of the Bricks is an annual all-sports rivalry competition between the Ohio Bobcats and the Miami RedHawks athletic programs. The name "Battle of the Bricks" evolved from each school's reputation of a pristine campus of red brick buildings. Each varsity athletic competition in which the Bobcats and RedHawks meet including tournament play is counted as part of the years series record. At the conclusion of each academic year, the school with the most varsity wins takes the trophy back to their campus for the following year.

In October 2006 the Goggin Ice Center was christened, a sparkling $34 Million Hockey arena seating 4,000 spectators. The old arena was opened in 1976, and closed in mid-2006, giving way to the new arena. It is now home to both the Miami University hockey team and synchronized skating team as well, the largest women's sports on campus. The Miami University senior synchronized skating team has earned a spot in the World Synchronized Skating Championships in five of the past seven seasons, the RedHawks have finished among the top four teams at the past two World Championships, including a silver-medal, 2nd place, finish at the 2007 World Synchronized Skating Championships, the first time a US team has medalled at the event. In its past five appearances at the World Synchronized Skating Championships, Miami has finished no lower than ninth. The collegiate synchronized skating team has won an unparalleled 9 US championship titles since the division was created 11 seasons ago. The newly formed junior level team has also won great acclaim, earning a spot to compete internationally as part of Team USA in its first season (2006-2007).

Notable sports alumni include Ara Parseghian, a former Notre Dame football coach, Weeb Ewbank, a former New York Jets football coach, Paul Brown, the founder of the former Cleveland Browns and Cincinnati Bengals, Charlie Leibrandt, a Major League Baseball pitcher, Ben Roethlisberger, a current quarterback of the Pittsburgh Steelers, Ron Harper, a former NBA basketball player, Wally Szczerbiak, a basketball player for the Boston Celtics, Ira Newble, a basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers, hockey players Kevyn Adams, Brian Savage, Dan Boyle and Bo Schembechler, a former Miami and University of Michigan football coach.

[edit] Recognition

Harrison Hall at Sunset
Harrison Hall at Sunset

The Fiske Guide To Colleges rates Miami with 4.5 stars out of a possible 5 and cites it as a "rising star among state universities".[citation needed] In 2006, Kiplinger ranked Miami 38th among all American public four-year universities for "top flight academics and affordable costs", the top ranking of an Ohio college. In 2003, The Wall Street Journal named Miami a "feeder school" and ranked it 22nd among public universities in their article titled "Want to go to Harvard Law?"[6]

A July 2006 New York Times article cited Miami University as a "hidden gem" stating the "focus is truly on educating undergraduates. This is a medium-size institution with the advantages that confers but it still has the feel of a small liberal arts college."[7] The Kaplan-Newsweek College Catalog calls Miami a "hidden treasure-terrific schools that deserve more national attention". Miami is among an elite set of institutions that produced a Rhodes Scholar, Truman Scholar, and Goldwater Scholar in the same year.[8] Other such institutions are Harvard University, Yale University, Duke University, Princeton University, Syracuse University, and the University of Washington.[9]

On a more somber note, The Princeton Review ranks Miami University first for little race/class interaction, fourth for homogeneous student population, 15th for alternative lifestyle rejection, and 20th for students dissatisfied with financial aid. Conversely, the university ranks 14th for best campus food and is listed as one of the best in the Midwest.

In 2007, Business Week released their official rankings of the top undergraduate business schools in the United States and Miami's Farmer School of Business ranked 35th among all American universities, 12th among all public universities and 1st among all Ohio universities.[10] Also, The Public Accounting Report named Miami's undergraduate accountancy program 12th in the nation[11] The business school is endowed by Richard T. Farmer, founder and chairman of the Cintas Corporation and one of the wealthiest men in Ohio (according to Forbes).[12]

Miami also offers one of the nations largest senior scholarships, the Goldman Prize[8]. The prize is awarded to one graduating senior and is valued at $26,000 for use in a year long independent research study.

[edit] Notable campus features

  • Phi Delta Theta Gates
  • Beta Theta Pi Campanile
  • The Upham Arch
  • The Tri-Delt Sundial, decorated with Turtles
  • McCracken Hall and Central Quad
  • Verlin L. Pulley Carillon and Clock Tower

[edit] Closing of Western College Program

On June 23, 2006 the Board of Trustees passed a controversial decision to remove the Western College Program as a separate college within Miami University.[13] This, his final decision as Miami University president, Dr. James C. Garland moved along with the Board of Trustees in favor of transforming the historic Western College campus into an enlarged university honors program.

Originally founded in the early 19th century as the Western College for Women by westward travelers from Mount Holyoke College, the girls college functioned for over 100 years until financial difficulties forced the Western College For Women into near bankruptcy. Through a partnership between Miami University and the Western College for Women, Miami agreed to purchase the Western College For Women and promised to preserve its unique character. It operated it as the School of Interdisciplinary Studies for over thirty years up until 2006 when Miami University removed it as an academic division within the university.

[edit] Historic landmarks

[edit] Trivia

Elliot Hall was modeled after Yale's Connecticut Hall
Elliot Hall was modeled after Yale's Connecticut Hall
  • The 1991 film Little Man Tate with Jodie Foster was largely filmed on the Oxford campus.
  • The replacement value of just the buildings alone on the Oxford campus is valued at $1.3 billion (2005)
  • Miami's first two residence halls, Elliott and Stoddard Halls, are modelled after Yale University's Connecticut Hall built in 1750. They were originally named North and South Halls. Phi Delta Theta was founded in Elliot Hall
  • Over the years, Miami has absorbed two women's colleges located in Oxford: Oxford College and Western College for Women. During the 19th Century there were as many as five colleges in Oxford.
  • Miami University owns and operates a regional airport just west of Oxford to accommodate visitors, prospective families, and usage of the university airplane.
  • The Miami Student is the oldest university newspaper being established in 1826 although Dartmouth College's student newspaper contests this claim as being the oldest college newspaper.
  • Miami University is the only university in the United States to be named for an Indian Tribe, the Miamis
  • Green Beer Day is celebrated every year at Miami on the Thursday before Spring Break.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Ohio statesmen Phillip Shriver, accessed 6 September 2006
  2. ^ Top Public National Universities. U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  3. ^ Miami University profile. U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  4. ^ Undergrad Rankings. Business Week. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Want to go to Harvard Law? The Wall Street Journal Classroom Edition. Accessed 21 July 2006.
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ Miami University profile at the Chronicle of Higher Education. Accessed 21 July 2006.
  9. ^ SU is one of eight universities to win prestigious scholarships. Syracuse University News, May 24, 2002. Accessed 21 July 2006.
  10. ^ Undergrad Rankings, BusinessWeek Online. Accessed 21 July 2006.
  11. ^ Miami's Top Accounting Program
  12. ^ Forbes' List of the World's Richest People, 2003. Accessed 21 July 2006.
  13. ^ Keep Western Whole. Accessed July 21, 2006.
  • Bert S. Barlow, W.H. Todhunter, Stephen D. Cone, Joseph J. Pater, and Frederick Schneider, eds. Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: B.F. Bowen, 1905.

[edit] External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Miami University

Academics

College of Arts and Science • Richard T. Farmer School of Business • McGuffey School of Education and Allied Professions • School of Engineering and Applied Science • School of Fine Arts • The Graduate School

Centers, Institutions, and Programs

Center for Neuroscience and Behavior • Thomas C. Page Center for Entrepreneurship • Center for School-Based Mental Health Programs • Center for Interactive Media Studies • Roger and Joyce Howe Center For Writing Excellence • Project Dragonfly • Havighurst Center for Russian and Post-Soviet Studies • Hefner Zoology Museum • Interactive Language Resource Center • Karl Limper Geology Museum • Scripps Gerontology Center • Journal On Excellence In College Teaching • Summer Business Institute • Buck Rodgers Leadership Program • Laws Hall & Associates • US Bancorp Distinguished Lecture Series • Anderson Distinguished Lecture Series • American Classical League • Children's Picture Book Database • International Association for the Study of Cooperation in Education • Lilly Conference On College Teaching • Economic History Services • Miami University Community Federal Credit Union

Media

Miami Student • WMUB • Miamian • Miami University Report • Recensio • Miami University Press

Traditions

Miami Merger • The HubMiami TriadGreen Beer DayPublic Ivies • Charter Day Ball • Puddle Pull • Tuffy's Toasted Rolls

Athletics

Yager StadiumMillett HallGoggin Ice Center • Hayden Park • Cradle of Coaches • Corwin Nixon Aquatic Center • Hepburn Courts • Rider Track • Victory Bell • Battle of the Bricks

People

Miami tribeDavid C. Hodge • Phillip Shriver • Miami University Alumni


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