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This article is about the American photocomics, known as "fumetti". For Italian comics, see the page with that name.

Fumetti (or photo novels) are a genre of American comics illustrated with photographs rather than drawings. The term comes from the Italian word for all comics, "fumetto".


[edit] Historically

In the Italian language, fumetti are all comics, not just photo novels. Italians call photo-illustrated comics fotoromanzi. Fumetti are noticably popular in Spain and Latin America, where they are called fotonovelas, and have also gained popularity in France.

Fumetti have never been successful in North America. From 1966 to 1969, Rocket Robin Hood, a children's cartoon was produced and aired in Canada in the fumetti style. In the United States, there were fumetti adaptations of several popular films of the late 1970s, including Grease, Saturday Night Fever, Rocky II, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Battlestar Galactica, Star Trek: The Motion Picture and Buck Rogers in the 25th Century. The adaptations were usually abridged and were composed of stills from the motion pictures. However, with the advent of video , these adaptations no longer had a market and they quickly disappeared by the early 1980s.

More recently, webcomics have brought fumetti to more Americans, with photocomics such as A Softer World and Alien Loves Predator gaining attention in the webcomics community. In 2007, the Web Cartoonist's Choice Awards gave the first award for "Outstanding Photographic Comic", denoting a new acceptance of the genre.[1]

[edit] Catagories of Fumetti

Fumetti comes in several traditional formats. A Softer World [2] is in traditional comic strip form - three panels with commentary. Alien Loves Predator [3], Reprographics [4], and Twisted Kaiju Theater [5] are continuous comics updated regularly with a definite punchline for each page. Transparent Life [6] and The Anomalies [7] are short story form comics.

[edit] Toys in Web Fumetti

Many fumetti artists have discovered the versatility of toys and action figures in their webcomics. Instead of photographing human actors, such artists place and pose toys for their "actors". The most commonly used toys are usually action figures such as Stikfas, Godzilla, Lego, GI Joe, Transformers, et al. Toy fumetti artists have developed three distinct styles to address the worlds in which the toys exist: toy dioramas, toys as toys, and toys personified.

[edit] Toy Dioramas

The toys exist in their own world, do not usually know they are toys, and do not interact with real people. The toys are a substitute for real people – although sometimes they might make tongue-in-cheek jokes about their status as toys. The artist creates miniature sets, props, and furnishings to create the world. These are usually scratchbuilt from clay, paper mache, and other craft supplies. Manufactured toy or doll pieces might also be used. The dioramas range from abstract battlefields (such as that used in Stuck), to simple apartments and locales (Depth-of-Field), to extensive dungeons, caverns and wilderness (Perils of the Bold). Some comics (Paradise Bar & Grill) include pre-made dioramas and scale playsets alongside custom built environments. Not all toy fumetti artists create practical dioramas. Some use digital environments (Ask Dr. Eldritch).

[edit] Toys As Toys

Many webcomics follow the adventures of toys in the human world. The toys know they are toys, and interact with human props and furnishings (but only infrequently with real people). Such comics are usually set in the artist's living room or workplace, occasionally venturing out on field trips to parks and other outside environments. Notable examples of this style include Nukeland Cinema and Misplaced.

[edit] Toys Personified

Other webcomics use toys as stand-ins for real people, digitally placing the toys as life-size participants in real-world locations and situations (for example, Alien Loves Predator and Twisted Kaiju Theater).

[edit] Other Examples of Fumetti

[edit] External links