From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kosztolányi was born in Szabadka (Subotica) in 1885, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, but which now lies in northern Serbia. The city serves as a model for the fictional town of Sárszeg, in which he set his novella Skylark as well as The Golden Kite. Kosztolányi studied at the University of Budapest, where he met the poets Mihály Babits and Gyula Juhász, and then for a short time in Vienna before quitting and becoming a journalist--a profession he stayed with for the rest of his life. In 1908, he replaces the poet Endre Ady, who had left for Paris, as a reporter for a Budapest daily. In 1910, his first volume of poems The Complaints of a Poor Little Child brought nationwide success and marked the beginning of a prolific period in which he published a book nearly every year. In 1936, he died from cancer of the larynx.
The literary journal Nyugat (Hungarian for "West"), which played an invaluable role in the revitalization of Hungarian literature, was founded in 1908 and Kosztolányi was an early contributor, part of what is often called the "first Nyugat generation," publishing mainly in poetry.
Starting in the 1920's he wrote novels, short stories, and short prose works, including Nero, the Bloody Poet (to the German edition of which Thomas Mann wrote the introduction), Skylark, The Golden Kite, and Anna Édes. In 1924 he published a volume of verse harkening back to his early work, entitled The Complaints of the Sad Man.
Kosztolányi also produced literary translations in Hungarian, such as (from English, at least) A Winter's Tale and Alice in Wonderland.
Esterházy, Péter. Introduction to the Central European Classics edition of Skylark. 1993. ISBN 963-9116-66-1
 External links
- Dawnstruck (translation of his poem)
|Early sources||Old Hungarian 'Lamentations of Mary' | Gesta Hungarorum | Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum | Chronicon Pictum||
|10-17th century||Bálint Balassi | József Kármán | Sebestyén Tinódi Lantos | Janus Pannonius | Miklós Zrínyi|
|17-20th century||Zoltán Ambrus | János Arany | János Batsányi | Dániel Berzsenyi | Sándor Bródy | Mihály Csokonai Vitéz | József Eötvös | András Fáy | Mihály Fazekas | Géza Gárdonyi | Mór Jókai | Ferenc Kazinczy | Zsigmond Kemény | Ferenc Kölcsey | Kálmán Mikszáth | Zsigmond Móricz | Sándor Petőfi | István Széchenyi | Mihály Vörösmarty|
|20-21st century||Endre Ady | György Faludy | István Fekete | Miksa Fenyő | Attila József | Imre Kertész | Dezső Kosztolányi | Sándor Márai | Ferenc Molnár | Ferenc Móra | Miklós Radnóti | Lőrinc Szabó | Magda Szabó | Antal Szerb | Árpád Tóth | Albert Wass | Sándor Weöres|