Anton LaVey

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Anton Szandor LaVey
Anton Szandor LaVey

Anton Szandor LaVey, born Howard Stanton Levey[1][2] (11 April 193029 October 1997) was the founder and High Priest of the Church of Satan as well as a writer, occultist, musician, and actor. He is the author of The Satanic Bible and the founder of LaVeyan Satanism, a synthesized system of his understanding of human nature and the insights of philosophers who advocated materialism and individualism, for which he claimed no "supernatural inspiration”. LaVey viewed "Satan" not as a literal deity or entity, but as a historic and literary figure symbolic of Earthly values.


[edit] Biography

Associated organizations
Church of Satan
First Satanic Church

Prominent figures
Anton LaVey | Blanche Barton | Peter H. Gilmore | Peggy Nadramia | Karla LaVey

Associated concepts
Left-Hand Path | Pentagonal Revisionism | Suitheism | Survival of the fittest | Objectivism | Might Is Right

Books and publications
The Satanic Bible | The Satanic Rituals | The Satanic Witch | The Devil's Notebook | Satan Speaks! | The Black Flame | The Church of Satan | The Secret Life of a Satanist | The Satanic Scriptures

In popular culture
Allegations of Satanism | Satanic ritual abuse

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LaVey was born in Chicago, Illinois, to a liquor distributor. His family soon relocated to California where he spent most of his early life in the San Francisco Bay Area and later in Globe, Arizona . According to his biography, his ancestry can be traced to French, Alsatian, German, Russian, and Romanian stock.[3] His parents supported the development of his musical abilities as he tried his hand at various instruments, his favorite being keyboards like the pipe organ and the calliope.

LaVey's biography tells of his dropping out of high school to join the circus and carnivals, first as a roustabout and cage boy in an act with the big cats, later as a musician playing the calliope. LaVey later noted that seeing many of the same men attending both the bawdy Saturday nights shows as well as the tent revival meetings on Sunday mornings supported his increasingly cynical view of religion. He later had many stints as an organist in bars, lounges, and nightclubs. While playing organ in Los Angeles burlesque houses, he reportedly had a brief affair with the still-unknown Marilyn Monroe as she was dancing at the Mayan Theater. This claim has been challenged by those who knew Monroe at the time as well as the manager of the Maya, Paul Valentine, who stated that she had never been one of his dancers nor had the theater ever been used as a burlesque house or for "bump and grind" shows.[4]

According to his biography, LaVey moved back to San Francisco where he worked for a while as a photographer for the Police Department. He also dabbled as a psychic investigator, looking into "800 calls" referred to him by the police department. Later biographers have questioned whether LaVey ever worked with the police, as there are no records substantiating the claim. LaVey met and married Carole Lansing, who bore him his first daughter, Karla LaVey, in 1952. They divorced in 1960 after LaVey became entranced by Diane Hegarty. Hegarty and LaVey never married, but she was his companion for many years, and bore his second daughter, Zeena Galatea LaVey in 1964.

Becoming a local celebrity through his paranormal research and live performances as an organist (including playing the Wurlitzer at the Lost Weekend cocktail lounge), he would attract many San Francisco notables to his parties. Guests included Carin de Plessin, Michael Harner, Chester A. Arthur III, Forrest J. Ackerman, Fritz Leiber, Dr. Cecil E. Nixon, and Kenneth Anger.

LaVey began presenting Friday night lectures on the occult to what he called a "Magic Circle" of associates who shared his interests. A member of this circle suggested that he had the basis for a new religion. On Walpurgisnacht, 30 April 1966, he ritualistically shaved his head, declared the founding of the Church of Satan and proclaimed 1966 as "the year One", Anno Satanas—the first year of the Age of Satan. Media attention followed the subsequent Satanic wedding ceremony of Radical journalist John Raymond to New York socialite Judith Case on February 1, 1967 (photographed by Joe Rosenthal). The Los Angeles Times and San Francisco Chronicle were among the newspapers that printed articles dubbing him "The Black Pope". LaVey performed Satanic baptisms (including one for Zeena), Satanic funerals (including one for naval officer Edward Olsen, complete with a chrome-helmeted honor guard) and released a record album entitled The Satanic Mass.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s LaVey melded ideological influences from Ayn Rand,[5] Friedrich Nietzsche, Aleister Crowley, Mencken, and Jack London with the ideology and ritual practices of the Church of Satan into essays introduced with reworked excerpts from Ragnar Redbeard’s Might is Right and concluded it with “Satanized” versions of John Dee’s Enochian Keys to create books such as The Satanic Bible, The Compleat Witch, (re-released in 1989 as The Satanic Witch, and The Satanic Rituals.

Due to his increasing visibility through his books, LaVey was the subject of numerous articles in the news media throughout the world, including popular magazines such as Look, McCall's, Newsweek, and TIME, and men’s magazines. He also appeared on talk shows such as Joe Pyne, Phil Donahue, and Johnny Carson, and in a feature length documentary called Satanis: The Devil's Mass in 1969.

Hegarty and LaVey separated in the mid-1980s, and she sued for palimony. The claim was settled out of court. LaVey’s next and final companion was Blanche Barton, who bore him his only son, Satan Xerxes Carnacki LaVey on November 1, 1993. She succeeded him as the head of the Church after his death and has since stepped down from that role.

Anton LaVey died on October 29, 1997, in St. Mary's Hospital, San Francisco of pulmonary edema. He was taken to St. Mary's, a Catholic hospital, because it was the closest available. The time of his death was listed as the morning of Halloween, which has since, for reasons open to speculation, been determined to be off by two days. A secret Satanic funeral for LaVey, by invitation only, was held in Colma, and his body was cremated. His ashes were not buried, but were eventually divided amongst his heirs as part of a settlement, on the assumption that they possess occult potency, and can be used for acts of Satanic ritual magic.

Preceded by
Church established
High Priest of the Church of Satan
Succeeded by
Peter H. Gilmore after vacancy

[edit] Controversy

On February 2, 1998, daughter Zeena LaVey and her husband Nikolas Schreck compiled and released "Anton LaVey: Legend and Reality" [2] which accused Anton LaVey of allowing for the sexual assault of Zeena's son Stanton LaVey (which Stanton denies having happened), falsifying information about his career and family life, and plagiarism. Zeena also contributed to an article on by D. Shawn Bosler titled "The Devil in Disguise"[6] about the rumors of her father's release of organ music albums under the name "George Montalba." In response, Blanche Barton, Anton LaVey's biographer, released "The Georges Montalba Mystery" [3] countering these claims.

In The Book of Satan, "LaVey relied on a work called Might is Right by Ragnar Redbeard to such an extent that it is clear that without so much as a footnote or bibliographic reference that LaVey plagiarized a significant portion of Ragnar Redbeard." [4]. LaVey acknowledged the influence of Might is Right by mentioning both it and Ragnar Redbeard in his dedication page of the Satanic Bible (only early prints of the Satanic Bible have this page), as well as in an introduction to a later edition of Might is Right.[7] In an interview with LaVey a question regarding the book arose. LaVey responded by stating:

"Might is Right by Ragnar Redbeard is probably one of the most inflammatory books ever written, so who better to write an introduction? It was only natural that I excerpted a few pages of it for The Satanic Bible."[8]

LaVey went on to state that:

"The book has been so indelibly linked with me, it was felt that any new edition should have my name on it."[8]

[edit] Trivia

[edit] LaVey related books

[edit] Books by LaVey

[edit] Books featuring writings by LaVey

[edit] Books about LaVey

[edit] Filmography

  • Invocation of my Demon Brother (short, uncredited role as Satan, 1969)
  • Satanis: The Devil's Mass (featured, 1970; released on DVD by Something Weird Video, 2003)
  • The Devil's Rain (technical advisor, role as High Priest, 1975)
  • The Car (creative consultant, 1977)
  • Doctor Dracula, aka Svengali (technical advisor, 1981)
  • Charles Manson Superstar (research consultant, 1989)
  • Death Scenes (narrator/host, 1989)
  • Speak of the Devil (featured, 1995)

[edit] Recordings of Anton LaVey

  • The Satanic Mass, LP (Murgenstrumm Records, 1968; re-released on CD with one bonus track, "Hymn of the Satanic Empire, or The Battle Hymn of the Apocalypse", by Amarillo Records, 1994; Mephisto Media, 2001)
  • Answer Me/Honolulu Baby, 7" single (Amarillo Records, 1993)
  • Strange Music, 10" EP (Amarillo Records, 1994; now available through Reptilian Records)
  • Satan Takes A Holiday, CD (Amarillo Records, 1995; now available through Reptilian Records)

[edit] References

  1. ^ Wright, Lawrence - "It’s Not Easy Being Evil in a World That’s Gone to Hell", Rolling Stone, September 5, 1991: 63-68, 105-16.
  2. ^ Birth certificate and "relatives" confirm
  3. ^ Barton, Blanche The Secret Life of a Satanist
  4. ^ The Church of Satan by Micheal Aquino p. 17-19, detailing information from Harry Lipton, Monroe's agent, Paul Valentine and Edward Webber"
  5. ^ Lewis, James R. "Who Serves Satan? A Demographic and Ideological Profile". Marburg Journal of Religion. June 2001.
  6. ^,bosler,36996,1.html
  7. ^ Might is Right, (Bensinville, IL: Michael Hunt 1996). Ragnar Redbeard, ISBN .
  8. ^ a b Shane and Amy Bugbee - "The Doctor is in" [1]
  9. ^ "Explanation of "Doctor" Anton LaVey"
  10. ^ "Imdb Entry Clay Tanner"
  11. ^ "The Church of Satan by Micheal Aquino p. 17"
  12. ^ "Imdb entry for Anton Lavey"
  13. ^ "Imdb Entry "Rosemary's Baby"".
  14. ^ Castle, William "Step Right Up! I'm Gonna Scare the Pants off America"

[edit] External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

[edit] Writings by LaVey

[edit] Interviews with LaVey

[edit] About LaVey