16th United States Congress

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The Sixteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, comprised of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1819 to March 3, 1821, during the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President James Monroe.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

[edit] Dates of sessions

March 4, 1819 - March 3, 1821

Previous congress: 15th Congress
Next congress: 17th Congress

[edit] Major events

Main article: Events of 1819; Events of 1820; Events of 1821

[edit] Major legislation

Main article: List of United States federal legislation in the 16th Congress

[edit] Party summary

Alabama and Maine were newly admitted to the union and first represented as states in this Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 46

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 186

[edit] Leadership

President of the SenateVice PresidentDaniel D. Tompkins
President of the Senate
Vice President
Daniel D. Tompkins
Senate
House of Representatives

[edit] Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

See also: 16th United States Congress - Political Parties
See also: 16th United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House election, 1818

[edit] Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1822; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1824.

President pro tempore James Barbour
President pro tempore
James Barbour
President pro tempore John Gaillard
President pro tempore
John Gaillard
See also: U.S. Senators
See also: U.S. Congressional Delegations by state
Alabama
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mississippi
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia

[edit] House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Speaker of the House Henry Clay
Speaker of the House
Henry Clay
Speaker of the HouseJohn W. Taylor
Speaker of the House
John W. Taylor
See also: U.S. Representatives
See also: U.S. Congressional Delegations by state
Alabama
Connecticut [1]
Delaware [2]
Georgia [3]
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland [4]
Massachusetts
Mississippi
  • A/L. Christopher Rankin (DR)
New Hampshire [5]
New Jersey [6]
New York [7]
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania [8]
Rhode Island [9]
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont [10]
Virginia

[edit] Delegates

Arkansas Territory
Michigan Territory
Missouri Territory

[edit] Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

See also: 16th United States Congress - Membership Changes
Senate
  • replacements: 5
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 5
  • vacancies: 3
  • seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 14
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 14
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 13
  • contested election: 2
  • seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 22

[edit] Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ all representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket
  2. ^ all representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket
  3. ^ all representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket
  4. ^ the 5th district was a plural district with two representatives
  5. ^ all representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket
  6. ^ all representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket
  7. ^ there were six plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 15th, 20th & 21st, each had two representatives
  8. ^ there were six plural districts, the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th & 10th had two representatives each, the 1st had four representatives
  9. ^ all representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket
  10. ^ all representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket

[edit] References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

[edit] External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875 [1]
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress [2]
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress [3]
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress [4]
  • U.S. House of Representatives: Congressional History [5]
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists [6]

Seal of the US Senate
United States Congress
SenateSenatorsSenate LeadersSenate CommitteesSenate Elections
HouseRepresentativesHouse LeadersHouse CommitteesHouse ElectionsHouse Districts
Seal of the US House
Congresses

1 (1789)
2 (1791)
3 (1793)
4 (1795)
5 (1797)
6 (1799)
7 (1801)
8 (1803)
9 (1805)
10 (1807)

11 (1809)
12 (1811)
13 (1813)
14 (1815)
15 (1817)
16 (1819)
17 (1821)
18 (1823)
19 (1825)
20 (1827)

21 (1829)
22 (1831)
23 (1833)
24 (1835)
25 (1837)
26 (1839)
27 (1841)
28 (1843)
29 (1845)
30 (1847)

31 (1849)
32 (1851)
33 (1853)
34 (1855)
35 (1857)
36 (1859)
37 (1861)
38 (1863)
39 (1865)
40 (1867)

41 (1869)
42 (1871)
43 (1873)
44 (1875)
45 (1877)
46 (1879)
47 (1881)
48 (1883)
49 (1885)
50 (1887)

51 (1889)
52 (1891)
53 (1893)
54 (1895)
55 (1897)
56 (1899)
57 (1901)
58 (1903)
59 (1905)
60 (1907)

61 (1909)
62 (1911)
63 (1913)
64 (1915)
65 (1917)
66 (1919)
67 (1921)
68 (1923)
69 (1925)
70 (1927)

71 (1929)
72 (1931)
73 (1933)
74 (1935)
75 (1937)
76 (1939)
77 (1941)
78 (1943)
79 (1945)
80 (1947)

81 (1949)
82 (1951)
83 (1953)
84 (1955)
85 (1957)
86 (1959)
87 (1961)
88 (1963)
89 (1965)
90 (1967)

91 (1969)
92 (1971)
93 (1973)
94 (1975)
95 (1977)
96 (1979)
97 (1981)
98 (1983)
99 (1985)
100 (1987)

101 (1989)
102 (1991)
103 (1993)
104 (1995)
105 (1997)
106 (1999)
107 (2001)
108 (2003)
109 (2005)
110 (2007)